Pollution in The Tusket?
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This web site started 15 Apr 2009 at the request of Mr.John Horton
John Halley Horton BSc(Agr)
It is edited (italics) and commented on by Godfrey LeBlanc BSc,Ed.
Your comments (pro or con) are welcome.  Email webmaster@yarmouth.org  (Subject line: Mink  ).

Comments & | | Shelburne News   | | Debbie Hall   | |  John Horton   | | G.J.LeBlanc  | brochure 1 |

Prepared by Water & Wastewater Branch Nova Scotia Environment
Darrell Taylor Project Lead October 2010
Link: http://www.gov.ns.ca/nse/surface.water/docs/Yarmouth.Area.Lakes.Water.Quality.Assessment.2010.pdf

It is important to keep a record of water quality in your area ( Documentation)
A record of date, temperature, water conditions, sunlight, time, and location.  Algae blooms, fish kills etc.
Nylon Stockings (link)  works well to filter zooplankton.  A solution of vinegar may help preserve it.

Scorecard on Government (in) action on the systematic 
destruction of the Carleton River Watershed.

1983: complaint / concern about mink farm pollution impacting water quality on Nowlans Lake documented by the Natural Resource Department, yet Nowlans Lake remains polluted to this day.

Scorecard: failed. 

~2000-2007:    Multiple concerns about water quality and complaints about blue green algae growth to the NSE met with platitudes (no resources to investigate, could be septic systems, natural event, global warning) – no in depth investigation performed.  

Scorecard: failed. 

2004:  Corberrie group Mink Be Gone Society asking for an environmental assessment of the River related to nitrates seeping into the water course - no action taken

Scorecard: failed

2007: Summer- Blue green algae bloom in Lake Fanning, Parr Lake and Porcupine Lake noted; NSE hand delivered warning letters to home owners /Camp Wapomeo to stay out of the water - monitored water quality, but no in-depth investigation was done as to the source of the problem. 
Dr. Gould, Medical Officer of Health, stated it was a “bit of a stretch” to consider the mink farms to be a source of the problem – he thought problem source was more likely local septic systems, lawn fertilizer etc. 

Scorecard: failed   

2008-2009: Summer Blue-algae bloom – citizens on the river system became much more vocal – started to become more organized. 
NSE, in the fall of 2008, conducted a water quality survey in the Carleton River system area, which was released in March 2009.
It revealed that the headwaters, where high density mink farming is located, had the worst water chemistry - the opposite to what one would suspect in nature (normally headwaters most pristine, with decreasing water quality further down stream). 
12 Feb 2009 – TREPA subcommittee was formed 
12May 2009 - Meeting with Government officials: NSE, NSA, Environment Canada, Inland Fisheries. The MOE states it does not have the monetary resources to look for point sources of pollution, the community should investigate their own water shed…no definitive remedial action was proposed by the government agencies.
Summer of 2009: severe blue green algae bloom 
Dept of Agriculture – ‘Mink farm audit’ conducted between Sept 2008-Sept 2009 and obtained through FOIPOP – indicated O.K to allow runoff through woods and wetlands. 
Fall of 2009: a repeat water quality survey was conducted of the Carleton River system area

Scorecard: Failed  

2010: 6 May 2010 - Fur Industry Act passed third reading. Written by the Dept of Agriculture with extensive input from Nova Scotia Mink Breeders Association – not NSE - an obvious conflict of interest, with only token input from the community or other interested parties, except the NSMBA.  
October 2010: Release of the second water quality survey from NSE (based on sampling done Fall 2009) once again strongly indicated that the significant potential sources of excess nutrients were mink farming and aquaculture. There was an overall deterioration of water quality in the watershed compared to Fall 2008 testing released in the March 2009 NSE report. 
Per an October 2010 CBC TV interview with NSE staff, orders have been written to 5 mink farms to perform remedial action to stop sources of runoff
The River system has reached a tipping point in terms of excess nutrients leading to cyanobacteria blooms; recovery could take years, if ever.

Score card: failed. 

Minister of Agriculture - John MacDonnell - min_dag@gov.ns.ca
Minister of Environment - Sterling Belliveau - min_env@gov.ns.ca
Minister of Health - Maureen MacDonald - helath.minister@gov.ns.ca
Liberal Agriculture Critic - Leo Glavin - glavinla@gov.ns.ca
Liberal Environment Critic - Andrew Younger - info@andrewyounger.ca
Liberal Health Critic - Diana Whalen - whalendc@gov.ns.ca
Conservative Agriculture and Environment - Chuck Porter - chuck@chuckporter.ca
Conservative Health - Chris D'Entremont - info@chrisdentremont.com

Lets get ourselves heard!

Lake Ogden

CLICK pics for Enlargment 
Line where boat made it's way through algae. Algae gathering in sensitive lake areas.
I did not see a sample of the algae in the pictures above but the description seams like it was  Nostoc pruniforme or (Mare's eggs) which is a species of cyanobacterium. These bacteria grows underwater in colonies which take the form of dark greenish-gray, gelatinous spheres.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It's enough to make you cry!
Two  detailed  photographs from Allister and Louis show the patterns of a serious buildup of cyanobacteria on Sunday August 14th.  Pictures were taken high above Lake Ogden, a popular summer cottage area alongside Highway 340 in Forest  Glen. Minister of Agriculture John MacDonnel insists "There is no scientific evidence that mink farms are causing pollution in the rivers" This author disagrees.  You can follow it all the way up the west Tusket River this summer..from the salt water  to the mink ranches. 

It's a turning point in our local history, and the younger folks may live to remember the point in time when we allowed our government to sell our  God given right to clean water..... for a handful of  very smelly dollars.
John Halley Horton
More: John Horton 

Eutrophication is a process that results from accumulation of nutrients in lakes or other water bodies. Eutrophication is a natural process, but can be greatly accelerated by human activities that increase the rate at which nutrients enter the water.

Algae growth is limited by the available supply of phosphorus or nitrogen, so if excessive amounts of these nutrients are added to the water, algae and aquatic plants can grow in large quantities. When these algae die, they are decomposed by bacteria, which use dissolved oxygen. This process is called "eutrophication." Dissolved oxygen concentrations can drop too low for fish to breathe, leading to fish kills. Excessive amounts of algae grow into scum on the water surface, decreasing recreational value and clogging water-intake pipes. Rapid decomposition of dense algae scums with associated organisms can give rise to foul odors. 

The pictures above show that Lake Ogden is under attack as is this whole river system.  If it becomes harder to locate the source it may be because the source has spread.  The original source has now migrated into vulnerable sections of the water way and the whole system is becoming the source.  Algae blooms are the first signs of habitat destruction. It will get worse! 

Algae sinks or is blown to shallow sheltered areas of the lake shore and sinks there.  The bottom becomes an ooze of rotting material that uses up oxygen and adds to nutrient levels.   Excessive algae growth,  is the tip of the "iceberg", it is what we see on the surface, other aquatic plants grow more rapidly die and add to the muck layer.   The negative effects are compounded by previous years  of growth and deposit, and this spreads down river. 



Setbacks for mink farms stand  Appeal fails to undo Yarmouth bylaw targetting blue-green algae   By BRIAN MEDEL Yarmouth Bureau   Sat, Aug 14 - 4:53 AM: 

YARMOUTH — The Utility and Review Board has dismissed an appeal of a Yarmouth municipal bylaw amendment that requires a setback of about 150 metres for new fur farms from wells or watercourses.    Yarmouth municipal council made the amendment in 2009 after some county residents complained a proposed mink farm in Carleton would effectively kill one or more local lakes.  R & N Farms Ltd. has applied to open a mink farm on an 11.7-hectare piece of land near Sloans Lake. "We are concerned about protecting our water," said Ken Crosby, a Yarmouth municipal councillor, on Friday. 


The Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board (URB) has dismissed an appeal challenging a minimum 500-foot setback requirement the Municipality of Yarmouth introduced last fall. The setback creates a buffer between lakes and waterways and farming operations.

The appellants had included several farmers and the Nova Scotia Mink Breeders Association who argued the increased setback – made by means of an amendment to a municipal land-use bylaw – was not in keeping with the intent of the municipal planning strategy.



Mink breeders in southwestern Nova Scotia have lost an appeal and will be required to comply with increased environmental restrictions.
The municipality of Yarmouth recently passed a bylaw that increases the amount of space a farm must be set back from a well or body of water. The changes were put in place to protect water systems in the area
Read more:http://www.cbc.ca/canada/nova-scotia/story/2010/08/13/ns-mink-farming-environmental-regulations.html

August 2010

July 1st/10. Cyanobacteria..It's GETTING WORSE


For more information Click HERE!

"Pickle Pond" ,
A quiet and now not so beautiful offshoot
at the northern end of Lake Fanning
Sun, 27 Jun 2010 12:45

More information on above picture  HERE!

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Community Meeting re Wentworth / Carleton River Watershed

Date: Tuesday June 1, 2010
Time: 6 to 8 pm
Location:  Carleton Fire Hall

Reason for Meeting:  ‘Next Steps’
An opportunity for people in our community to meet & have a conversation with guests experienced in environmental issues and concerned about water quality in the province, with a specific focus on environmental concerns related to water quality in the Wentworth / Carleton watershed, as well as the new ‘Fur Industry Act’. 

Invited Guests: 
Lisa Mitchell, LJM Environmental Law & Consulting: http://www.ljmenvironmental.ca/
Deborah Carver, Executive Director East Coast Environmental Law: http://www.ecelaw.ca/
Jocelyne Rankin, Freshwater Coordinator, Ecology Action Center: http://www.ecologyaction.ca/content/coastal-people
Gretchen Fitzgerald, Director Sierra Club Atlantic: http://atlantic.sierraclub.ca/index_aboutus.htm
Steve Hawbolt, Executive Director Clean Annapolis River Project: http://www.annapolisriver.ca/

--- New ---

From: "John Horton" <halleyhort@hotmail.com> 
Date: Sat, 22 May 2010 
20 May 2010 
The Annapolis County Spectator 

'Flawed' fur farm bill too hasty, groups claim 

Say act leaves Nova Scotia watersheds open to pollution.  A network of environmental and community organizations are objecting to the hasty adoption of a flawed Fur Industry Act for Nova Scotia. Bill 53 was introduced for First Reading on Thursday April 29 and was passed by the House of Assembly on its Third Reading on Thursday, May 6. Although the Department of Agriculture worked closely with the Nova Scotia Mink Breeders Association for over a year to develop this bill, members of the public, including members of the affected communities were not consulted.

“It is ironic that a law intended to address community concerns has been pushed through without due consultation with those communities or environmental experts,” says Steve Hawboldt of the Clean Annapolis River Project in a media release. “ The Act has value but there are a number of changes that would have taken seriously the need to ensure environmental protection and addressed community concerns..” 
Community groups rallied last year when toxic ‘ blue-green’ algae (cyanobacteria) blooms occurred once again in the Wentworth / Carleton River Watershed, near Yarmouth. A March 2009 Nova Scotia Environment study of nine lakes in the affected watershed included the recommendation that large suspect contributors of nutrients to the lakes (including mink farms and a mink food processing facility) should be further investigated and where appropriate and possible, discharges reduced or eliminated. 
"The intensity of mink farming has soared in the last few years, in fact there were 1.7 million mink processed in Nova Scotia last year and mink in our province consume seven tractor trailer loads of feed every day. This is big business with the ability to do significant environmental damage,” says Gretchen Fitzgerald, executive director, Sierra Club Atlantic. “ The industry is growing and if we are to ensure that Nova Scotia’s wetlands, rivers and lakes are protected from the impacts of this growth we must have legislation that reflects that goal. Instead, we have the Fur Industry Act, a law that leaves all decisions related to the environmental management of the industry in the hands of its greatest promoter, the Department of Agriculture. There is no oversight by other government departments such as Nova Scotia Environment or by members of the public.” 
The organizations were disturbed by the comments made in the House by the Minister of Agriculture, John MacDonell, when the bill was presented for Second Reading debate. MacDonell thanked Clean Annapolis River Project, Tusket River Environmental Protection Association, Yarmouth County Environmental Justice Committee, Sierra Club Atlantic, Ecology Action Centre, East Coast Environmental Law Association, and other stakeholders for their contribution as the legislation was drafted. 

“ We were not asked to make a contribution to the development of the Fur Industry Act,” says Deborah Carver, executive director, East Coast Environmental Law Association. “It’s accurate that we met with two representatives of the Department of Agriculture in April 2010, but we were told that the bill was too far along in the process to present any details.” 
Members of the organizations submitted comments to the Law Amendments Committee that can be found at www.gov.ns.ca/LEGISLATURE/committees/61_2_LACSubmissions/20100507.pd f 
The passage of the bill was so swift that it took the organizations by surprise and they did not attend the committee’s deliberations on May 5. 
The organizations concerned are calling for the Department of Agriculture to provide full and meaningful consultation during the next stage of regulatory development to ensure high environmental standards and public scrutiny. They also are asking the department to conduct a full cost accounting of the fur industry before further measures are taken to promote more growth in the sector. 
In their haste to pass Bill 53 before summer break the NDP government forgot the value of democratic process and passed a law that was developed in a vacuum, said the release

Province introduces new rules for mink farms    Published on May 1st, 2010 Vanguard


John Horton
: Date: Thu, 8 Apr 2010 06:34:27 -0700

April fools day, Nowlans Lake, Digby County. A runoff pipe carries 'undesirable' water  directly to the shoreline from the Mullen mink farm at Havelock.  Department of Environment officials recently investigated this farm for allegations of pollution....MORE!

John Horton: Mink stink Song video debuts on YouTube.... A catchy ditty, Nobody's Listenin' written by John Horton and performed by Chett Buchanan and Family, appeared on YouTube Sunday.  The song is a light-hearted poke at the serious situation plaguing Tusket-area homeowners, as offal from up to one million mink appear to be fouling the region's waterways with blue-green algae. 
Debbie Hall;  Now this is how to do it!: Watercourse and Wetland Protection Regulations
1/  Publication "Beneficial Management Practics for Riparian Zones in Atlantic Canada", Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada: http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/agric/soil_land_new/pdfiles/Beneficial.pdf

Pictures from Lake  Fanning (Debbie Hall)   2008  2009|
(Opens in new window)

Carlene MacDonald :Human bisolds being spread on fields in Kings County
Prepared by Water & Wastewater Branch Nova Scotia Environment
Darrell Taylor Project Lead March 18, 2009  (Copy Pdf Format)


A brief synopsis of the situation here and the reason for this site is  the deteriorating  water quality in the Carleton watershed area.  Lakes at the headwaters are green year round with toxic Blue_green algae ( actually they are bacteria ) known as Cyanophytes ( or cyanobacteria). 

The problem is migrating downstream and will continue to expand.  Areas that were suitable for swimming for 100's of years are now closed and these areas are no longer suitable for normal human activity.  Areas around the source of this pollution have a myriad of environmental issues. 

Now these mink factories are expanding in our area.  One in the Carleton area another possibly in South Ohio, which  feeds Lake Milo & Doctor's lake area.  Possibly 10+ more  are slated for construction in South West Nova area. 

Personally I am not against agricultural expansion in the area, however with improper farming practices and antiquated regulations, that were never meant to deal with such large scale operations as factory farms, the result will be and already is disastrous. 

It is not fair to paint all mink ranchers with the same brush, but my position is: clean up the mess you already have before you expand.    It now falls on Municipal Council to ensure that no further expansion occurs until the present situation is fixed and new methods are implemented to ensure this dose not happen again.

Some of the members of Council are farmers and may feel a conflict of interest, but let me assure you their is no conflict.  You and your forefathers have farmed areas such as Chebogue and Chegoggin  for 100's of years and you have done it in relative harmony with nature.   What has gone wrong with some of the mink ranches is not characteristic of most farms in our area. However: if a solution is not found, the modest economic benefit of this industry will pale in comparison to the to the negative environmental, economic and social repercussions.

In all fairness to the mink industry, Mr Prime, admitted that their were some problems and that somethings had to be changed. 

After 6 months it  appears that all sides (Ranchers, Government & Citizens)
agree that their is a pollution problem in the South West Nova Scotia watershed area.

Jan 6th 2010  Thoughts and comments.

A single mink consumes about 1.4 pounds of protein rich food per day.  It is unlikely that any person consumes more than 10 pounds of food a day.  Therefore, we can conservatively conclude that 10 mink are easily equivalent in waste production to one person.  Therefore, 1,000,000 mink create more waste than than 100,000 people.  Therefore, and this is a conservative estimate, one million mink produces more fecal waste than 10+ towns size of Yarmouth.  This is a staggering concept.  There are more than a million mink in the southwestern area of nova Scotia.  Perhaps maybe even ten million, which would equate to about one million people which is greater than the population of Nova Scotia.  The waste is being leached into our fresh water ecosystems.  If it were dumped the saltwater the effect would be bad enough, however allowing this to enter chemically sensitive freshwater habitats is ecologically insane.

Mr. Hamilton's chicken farm when compared to a mink factory has a relatively insignificant entity with regard to pollution. In fact there are probably few agricultural operations that could equal the   overall potential and actual environmental damage that factory farms pose. However: this chicken farm does create a diversion away from more serious problems.  If you take a look at Mr. Hamilton's property on google maps, it appears that he is nowhere near 500 feet of the brook behind his house, in fact that looks like is over 1000 feet.  I do not think that is fair to set the legal bar so high that industry cannot economically function within its regulations, but it is also not fair (or legal) to destroy ecosystems and  negatively impact the lives and communities in our area.

Some mink ranches are located near spring fed lakes.  The logistics of this escapes me, unless these lakes are being sacrificed and turned into holding ponds or settling ponds.  There is a kind of twisted logic to this I suppose.  At least for a time the material is confined to this area, but eventually it finds its way to the oceans and has an serious impact on everything in between.  The ground is like a sponge and it will for a time soak up chemicals such as nitrates and phosphates but eventually these chemicals will leach into the watershed area and will continue to do so long after the original source has been removed.

If you or I were in business, our bottom line would probably be profit, and most of us would probably not feel obligated to go past the legal restraints that governed our operation.  Some of us might do a bit more, some of us might do a lot less.  Since we already have a situation where some individuals have done a lot less, where the ecosystem has been severely compromised, it is obvious that some regulations must be called upon  to clean up the serious situation existing in some parts of the Carlton water system.  We must not be stymied by ridiculous point source arguments, when it is obvious where serious situations have developed, and these are not in Mr. Hamilton's backyard.

I've always been taught that the farmer is your friend and I believe this to be true, and I believe that we should do everything in our power to promote agricultural development in our area, but at what cost.  We do not own the land or waters, we stewards thereof.  We have a responsibility to the present and future well being, not just of our children and our children's children, but also of the habitats of animals, fish and plants. 

The butterfly effect  is a theory that states that a butterfly flapping its wings in one part of the world can possibly cause an effect in another,  or a small input at a specific point in time can have profound ramifications in the future.  This may be a metaphysical concept but the reality is that counselors have to decide on a very  important issue that will have profound effects on many aspects of our community including democracy itself.  Counselors had been democratically elected to serve the best interests of the community.  I hope our counselors have enough intelligence, and I believe they do, to differentiate between factory farms, ranches and hobby farms, and to distinguish truth and deception.  The decisions they make will affect the future of not just our area but,  the rest of the country. (I believe Yarmouth can make a difference) 

It rests on our shoulders to make decisions that positively affect the our future health, economically and ecologically.  We are all aware of the negative impact factory farms have had in other areas,  and as other areas of Canada are trying to rid themselves of factory firms, we are about to see them increasse in our area.  How can this be done without damaging our little corner the world?

Godfrey LeBlanc

Main Menu: ............................

1.   Archives:  Information and pictures from April 15. to October 2009  LINK  to 

2.   Links to information of importance to our situation  by Debbie Hall

3.   Municipality of the District of Yarmouth Council 
      Set Back Limits | Council Votes

4.   What should the setback limit be( Theoretical analysis: Problem overview,  solutions & pitfalls) 

5.   Contact List: Provincial GovernmentMunicipal Council 

6.   Misc. Correspondence

7. Pollution in the Tusket Mink Stink by John Horton

 8.  The 500 ft limit ( appeals)..

Subject: SWSDA / Regional Development / Community Involvement 

At the MODY mtg last evening (25 Nov 09), Councilor Trevor Cunningham reported on SWSDA activities / priorities. 

I don't think it was made clear that SWSDA as it currently exists is to stop effective 31 March 2010. Please see the attached a 26 May 2009 letter to SWSDA from the Deputy Minister, Economic & Rural Development. 

Community involvement is going to be crucial in setting the direction for future economic growth in our area, and such involvement is protected under the Regional Community Development Act. We're all living with the consequences of past championing of the expansion of the mink fur farming industry by SWSDA under the umbrella of economic growth. 

Regional Community Development Act:


Below are 25 Nov 2009 community meeting notes from Shelburne, as an example of community involvement in regional development. 
 Community members... 

http://www.shelburnecountytoday.com/communityforum/ ) Feel free to print, forward or otherwise pass along the notes. Notes from Nov 19 and other docs are also on web.

As only one elected official out of 20+ attending the Nov 19 meeting asked to kept informed of our progress, you may want to get in touch with your mayors, wardens, councilors, etc. prior to the December 1 meeting they have convened to discuss the RDA and make your thoughts/feelings about this up-coming decision made known to them.

Also on the web above are some documents you might find interesting about the growing movement in Canada (and USA, Australia, etc) towards considering the impact of the "creative economy" in the development of community planning and strategies.

Best,  /Timothy G

Documentary from PBS "Poisoned Waters"  Covers issues pertaining to water protection such as industrial farming, industrial pollution, municipal waste water treatment, municipal water run off as well as political issueshttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poisonedwaters/
Recommended viewing by Debbie Hall. 
Municipality of Yarmouth have put a commutation survey up in their web site.  I filled out the survey it is confidential with no contact information given.  The survey is located on the left hand side of MODY's webpage   http://www.district.yarmouth.ns.ca/
As a follow-up to the meeting Nov 19 about the future of economic development in Shelburne County the attendees at that meeting chose Wednesday, November  25 at 7:00pm at Shelburne Regional High School as the next meeting date. 
The web address is: http://www.shelburnecountytoday.com/communityforum/

Note: Comments have been made that the Nov 19 meeting did not focus enough on the strengths or value of the current RDA in the region. All comments and points of view about the future of enconomic development in the county will be welcome at the meetings.  Maintaining the current RDA structure, organizing a Shelburne County RDA or organizing an RDA for portions of Shelburne County are all options available to residents, according to the RDA Act. 

I just don't know what to say. NS Federation of Agriculture is one of the groups appealing the 500' set back by law. Maybe they should read their own PR report.

/ Debbie

Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture, Environmental Performance of the Agricultural Sector in Nova Scotia in 2009


Pg 1 - "...The industry, through the leadership of the Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture...has worked with government and researchers to develop programs and initiatives to assess and address concerns of agro-environmental risk. Nova Scotia's farmers have a vested interest in being environmental stewards. They are continuously implementing positive on-farm environmental practices and it is a sense of stewardship and sustainability, as well as a desire to limit risk, that have led farmers to adopt new practices to protect air, soil and water resources..."

Pg 1 - "...Nova Scotia's environmental acts and regulations support these changes by encouraging compliance and by establishing a culture of self regulation, minimizing the need for a harsh regulatory approach..."

Pg 8 - "...Digby, Yarmouth and Shelburne counties have the highest concentration of animals per acre of cropland; however, Shelburne has both few animal units (87) and not much cropland (64 acres). Both Yarmouth and Digby Counties have significant mink production and, at the time of the 2006 Census, Digby County had several sizable hog farms. Relative to their land base, both Yarmouth and Digby Counties have significant animal agriculture, creating manure management challenges..."

Pg 20 - "...Manure Management...manure management in areas of livestock concentration has to be improved..."

Pg 21 - "...The mink and poultry sectors are concentrated in relatively small areas, which increase environmental risks. The mink sector, in particular, is primarily located in an area whith a small cropland bse, reducing alternatives to effectively manage mink manure and other wastes close to mink farms..."

Pg 24 - "...Recommendation 2: Manure inventory. Industry and government need to conduct an inventory of manure based on geographic location. Potential risks and new opportunities will be better identified with current, accurate data. The inventory will help industry stakeholders develop programs to manage manure as both a nutrient and potential energy source..."

Pg 25 - "...Working Within the Watershed...That means careful attention to details and working with nature to ensure that farming methods are appropriate for the environment... uses mulch to reduce erosion and runoff, and plants buffer zones along streams to improve habitat and protect waterways..."

Main Menu: ............................

1.   Archives:  Information and pictures from April 15. to October 2009  LINK  to 

2.   Links to information of importance to our situation  by Debbie Hall

3.   Municipality of the District of Yarmouth Council 
      Set Back Limits | Council Votes

4.   What should the setback limit be( Theoretical analysis: Problem overview,  solutions & pitfalls) 

5.   Contact List: Provincial GovernmentMunicipal Council 

6.   Misc. Correspondence

7. Pollution in the Tusket Mink Stink by John Horton

 8.  The 500 ft limit ( appeals)..

May 10, 2010
Algae Blooms Controversy
Nova Scotian mink industry blamed for water woes
by Steven Wendland


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